𝄞 Treble Clef – This is a symbol that began as a circle around the G note on a stave. Many early composers had their own way of writing the treble clef, but this is the one that stuck.
𝄢 Bass Clef – As with the treble clef, the bass clef is a fancy indication of the note F.
𝄐 Fermata -A fermata can be used over or under and indicates a rest on a note.
♯ Sharp – A sharp indicates a note that is higher in pitch by a semi tone, for instance a G♯on a piano is played one black note about the G.
♮ Natural- A natural symbol indicates that this note should be played with no flat or sharp, even if this may be indicated by the scale the piece is in.
♭ Flat – A flat indicates a note played a semi tone lower- on piano a G♭would be played a black note lower than the G.
♩ Crochet – A crochet is a note that lasts for one beat.
♪/♫ Quaver – A quaver lasts for half a beat, and two connected quavers last as long as a crochet.
𝄽Quarter Rest – This is a rest that last as long as a crochet.
𝄾 Eighth Rest – This lasts half as long as a quarter rest.
𝄻 Whole Rest – This is a rest for four beats.
𝄼 Half Rest – This does exactly what you think it does.
𝅗𝅥Minim – Also known as a whole note, this lasts for four beats.
𝅝 Minim Rest – Like the minim note, this is a rest for four beats.